Conference of the Parties to AADMER (COP to AADMER)
The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) is a manifestation of ASEAN’s strong commitment to reduce disaster losses in the region and to jointly respond to disaster emergencies. Signed by the Foreign Ministers of ASEAN in Vientiane, Lao PDR in July 2005, just a few months after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami affecting four Member States of ASEAN, AADMER captured the enormous experience of the individual ASEAN Member States and ASEAN as a region in responding to the mega disaster.
The ASEAN region experienced another major disaster in 2008 when Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar. ASEAN, again, used the opportunity to exercise its leadership through an ASEAN led mechanism, in support of the affected country, and institutionalized the experience gained into the implementation of AADMER. The development of the AADMER Work Programme, which kick-started through a visioning workshop in July 2009 in Bali, utilised the experience gained from this mega disaster.
The AADMER Work Programme 2010-2015 outlines a detailed structure and work implementation of its work programme. The ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) provides oversight to the implementation of the Work Programme, as well as serves as the Governing Board of the AHA Centre. The AHA Centre serves as the main operational engine for AADMER. The ACDM reports directly to the Ministers in charge of Disaster Management, who also serve as Conference of the Parties (COP).
Article 21.3 of AADMER states that the COP “The Conference of the Parties shall keep under continues review and evaluation the implementation of this agreement”. The Conference of the Parties (COP) shall:
- Take such action as is necessary to ensure the effective implementation of this agreement;
- Consider report and other information which may be submitted by a party directly or through the secretariat;
- Consider and adopt protocols in accordance with article 25 of this agreement
- Consider and adopt any amendment to this agreement;
- Adopt, review and amend as required for the implementation of this agreement;
- Establish subsidiary bodies as may be required for the implementation of this agreement; and
- Consider and undertake any additional action that may be required for the achievement of the objective of this agreement.
The ordinary meetings of the COP shall be convened at least once every year and extraordinary meetings upon request of one Party provided that such request is supported by at least one party. The extraordinary or special meetings of the COP may be called in the event of crisis or emergency situations affecting ASEAN to develop arrangement to address such situations in a timely manner.
In line with the above, the COP shall delegate and task the ACDM to take charge in the implementation of AADMER Work Programme.