Working Together to Address Complex health Challenges
ASEAN comprises of ten Member States which form a diverse and dynamic region experiencing rapid demographic, epidemiological and socio-economic growth. These developments also pose a lot of threats and challenges to public health that health systems of Member States continuously endeavor to address.
Gaps continue to exist between and within countries in the region. In some of the countries, poverty remains the most important determinant for health status, mainly for marginalized and vulnerable groups, including those living in remote, isolated, mountainous or island communities. Many countries also face the double burden of disease: non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer are more seen in most countries, while malaria, dengue fever, tuberculosis, and vaccine preventable diseases and other communicable diseases remain a burden for some countries.
Globalization, trade liberalization and community integration presented developmental opportunities for the region. These also resulted to rapid urbanization and industrialization, increased migration and travel, mushrooming of mega-cities and overpopulation, pollution and environmental problems to name a few. The region is also prone to natural diseases and is increasingly experiencing the impacts of climate change.
As an ASEAN Community, Member States believe that efforts and resources of each national health system geared towards protecting and improving the health of their peoples will have maximum outcomes when done in a collaborative, complementary and synergistic manner. Since its establishment in 1980, the ASEAN Health Cooperation has gone a long way in protecting the region from high-impact public health emergencies such as SARS, HPAI H5N1, 2009 H1N1 pandemic, MERS-CoV, Ebola virus disease and Zika virus, and in collectively engaging with populations in the prevention and control of specific conditions, such as non-communicable diseases.
The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC), ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC). The ASEAN Health cooperation is under the ASCC pillar.
ASEAN Post-2015 Health Development Agenda
Guided by the ASEAN Vision 2025, the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint 2025 among others, the ASEAN Health Cooperation adopted the ASEAN Post-2015 Health Development Agenda (APHDA) which encapsulates the shared goals, strategies, prioirities and programmes of the health sector between 2016-2020. There are 42 health strategic measures in the Blueprint which are related to health and currently being operationalized through the APHDA. To achieve its vision, mission and goals of the ASEAN Health Cooperation, the Agenda will focus attention and resources to 20 Health Priorities overseen by four Health Clusters.
- APHDA in a nutshell
ASEAN Health Cooperation Governance and Implementation
The core governance structure is composed of two main governing bodies of ASEAN health development:
- ASEAN Health Ministers’ Meeting (AHMM) which determines the policies of ASEAN Health and endorses decisions and reports of SOMHD. It meets every two years, as well as organises special meetings as necessary to discuss urgent matters.
- Senior Officials’ Meeting on Health Development (SOMHD) which is responsible for strategic management, and provides guidance on the overall implementation of the APHDA ensuring that all goals and targets are achieved. It is convened at least once a year, while special or additional meetings may be called to discuss urgent matters.
To operationalise APHDA, four ASEAN Health Clusters were established. Guided by Work Programmes, each Health Cluster provides strategic leadership in identifying and implementing regional programmes, projects and initiatives in selected health priority issues.
ASEAN Health Cluster Work Programmes
- ASEAN Health Cluster 1: Promoting Healthy Lifestyle
- ASEAN Health Cluster 2: Responding to All Hazards and Emerging Threats
- ASEAN Health Cluster 3: Strengthening Health Systems and Access to Care
- ASEAN Health Cluster 4: Ensuring Food Safety
STATEMENTS & DECLARATIONS
ASEAN Leaders’ Declarations Related to Health.
- 2016. ASEAN Declaration of Commitment: Getting to Zero New HIV Infections, Zero Discrimation, Zero AIDS-Related Deaths
- 2013. Bandar Seri Begawan Declaration on Non-Communicable Diseases in ASEAN
- 2011. ASEAN Declaration of Commitment:Getting To Zero New HIV Infections, Zero Discrimination, Zero AIDS-Related Deaths, Bali, Indonesia
- 2011. Tawangmangu Declaration on Traditional Medicine In ASEAN, Indonesia
- 2011. Jakarta Call for Action on the Control and Prevention of Dengue, Jakarta, Indonesia
- 2010. Hanoi Declaration on Traditional Medicine In ASEAN
- 2009. Bangkok Declaration on Traditional Medicine in ASEAN
- 2007. ASEAN Commitments on HIV and AIDS, Cebu, Philippines
- 2006. Declaration of the 8th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting, “ASEAN Unity in Health Emergencies” Yangon, Myanmar
- 2004. ASEAN+3 Framework of Cooperation on Integration of Traditional Medicine/Complementary and Alternative Medicine Into National Healthcare Systems, Penang, Malaysia
- 2003. Joint Statement of the Special ASEAN-China Leaders Meeting on the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Bangkok, Thailand
- 2003. Joint Declaration of Special ASEAN Leaders Meeting on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Bangkok, Thailand
- 2001. 7th ASEAN Summit Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Brunei Darussalam
ASEAN Health Ministers’ Meetings Joint Statements & Declarations
- 2014. Fifth ASEAN-China Health Ministers Meeting Joint Statements, Hanoi, Vietnam.
- 2014. Twelveth AHMM Joint Statements, Hanoi, Vietnam.
- 2013. Yangon Call for Action on the Prevention and Control of Dengue, Yangon, Republic of the Union of Myanmar
- 2013. ASEAN Dengue Day
- 2012. Joint Statement 11th ASEAN Health Minister Meeting, Phuket, Thailand.
- 2010. Joint Statement of the Tenth ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting, “Health People, Healthy ASEAN”, Singapore.
- 2006. Declaration of the 8th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting, “ASEAN Unity in Health Emergencies” Yangon, Myanmar
- 2004. Co-Chairs Statement of the 7th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting and the 1st ASEAN + 3 Health Ministers Meeting, Penang, Malaysia, 23 April 2004
- 2004. Joint Ministerial Statement on the Current Poultry Disease Situation , Bangkok, Thailand.
- 2002. Declaration of the 6th ASEAN Health Ministers’ Meeting On Healthy ASEAN Lifestyles (Vientiane Declaration), Vientiane, Lao PDR
- 2000. Declaration of The 5th ASEAN Health Minister Meeting on Healthly ASEAN 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
- 1984. Resolution of The Third ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting Pattaya, Thailand
- 1980. Declaration of the ASEAN Health Ministers on Collaboration on Health, Manila
- 2014. Joint Statement of the 6th ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting, Hanoi, Vietnam.
- 2013. Joint Statement of the Special ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), “ASEAN IS A SARS FREE REGION”, Siem Reap, Cambodia.
- 2012. Joint Statement of the 5th ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting, Phuket, Thailand.
- 2010. Joint Statement 4th ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting, Singapore.
- 2009. Joint Ministerial Statement of the ASEAN+3 Health Ministers Special meeting on Influenza A (H1N1), Bangkok, Thailand.
- 2008. Joint Statement of the 3rd ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting, Manila, Philippines.
- 2006. Joint Statement of the 2nd ASEAN Plus Three Health Ministers Meeting, “Unity in Health Emergencies”, Yangon, Myanmar
- 2003. Joint Statement of ASEAN Plus Three Ministers of Health Special Meeting on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
AHMM and China
- 2012. Joint Statement 4th ASEAN-CHINA Health Ministers Meeting, Phuket, Thailand.
- 2003. Joint Statement of the Special ASEAN-China Leaders Meeting on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Bangkok, Thailand.
- 2016. ASEAN Rabies Elimination Strategy (ARES) 2014-2023
- 2008. Strengthening Cooperation and Information Sharing on Rabies among ASEAN Plus Three Countries – Call For Action Towards the Elimination of Rabies in ASEAN Member States, and the Plus Three Countries, Ha Long Viet Nam
- 2016. Regional Report on Nutrition Security in ASEAN, Volume 1
- 2016. Regional Report on Nutrition Security in ASEAN, Volume 2
- 2016. ASEAN Mental Health Systems
- 2016. Second ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS
- 2014. ASEAN Regional Guideline for Minimum Requirement for Training and Accreditation of Skilled Birth Attendants (SBA)
- 2014 Second Tobacco Control Report
- 2014. Updated ASEAN Health Profile Regional Priorities and Programmes 2011-2015
- 2011. First Regional Report on HIV and AIDS
- 2012. ASEAN Tobacco Control Report
1. ASEAN E-Health Bulletin
Produced semi-annually, e-Health the Bulletin is an information sharing and dissemination tool of the ASEAN Health Cooperation. It highlights regional strategies and mechanisms agreed by ASEAN Member States to improve public health, as well as initiatives to address identified health priorities.
- Issue 9-10, Special Edition for the UN High-Level Meeting on HIV and AIDS
- Issue 8 (Jul – Dec 2015)
- Issue 7 (Jan – June 2015)
- Issue 6. Better Health for ASEAN Community Beyond 2015
- Issue 5. Prioritising Mental Health Issues in the ASEAN Region
- Issue 4.
- Issue 3. World No Tobacco Day Special Issue
- Issue 2. Towards Harmonisation of Traditional Medicine Practices
- Issue 1. Towards a Smoke-Free ASEAN
2. ASEAN EOC Network Newsletter
The ASEAN Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) Network Newsletter is a platform for the dissemination and sharing of progress of the ‘ASEAN EOC Network Development and Activities Project’, a regional initiative of the ASEAN Health Cooperation led by Malaysia through the Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health. The Newsletter also aims to profile public health emergency operations centres of ASEAN Member States, such as their evolution and establishment, structure and capabilities, operational experience and future priorities among others.
The Project, implemented between November 2016 – March 2018, is part of the Mitigating Biological Threats under the ASEAN – Canada’s Global Partnership Programme.
- Issue 2, January 2017
- Issue 1, December 2016
- 2011. Statement by H.E. Dr. R. M. Marty M. Natalegawa, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia, at the Plenary of the High-level Meeting on “Non-communicable Diseases: Prevention and Control” United Nations General Assembly New York, 19 September 2011
- 2011. Getting to “ZERO” in ASEAN: Responses, Gaps, Challenges and Ways Forward-Statements of ASEAN Task Force on AIDS (ATFOA) Delivered by Chairperson, Brunei Darussalam on 31 March 2011, Asia and Pacific Regional Consultation on Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support: ‘Getting to Zero’ Bangkok, Thailand.
- 2009. Chairman’s Press Statement of the ASEAN+3 Health Ministers’ Special Meeting on Influenza A (H1N1) Bangkok Thailand, 8 May 2009
- ASEAN to strengthen its health response to disasters
- ASEAN Health Ministers respond to Zika virus
- Improving ASEAN Healthcare Through Medical Device Regulation Harmonization, 2 May 2013
- Message on the World AIDS Day, 1 December 2012
- ASEAN forges new partnerships with women and girls to meet HIV goals, 28 September 2012
- Consultative Meeting on HIV and Key Affected Women and Girls: Reducing Intimate Partner Transmission of HIV Within ASEAN, 25 September 2012
- Twelve ASEAN Cities Ready for Fight Against AIDS, 19 July 2012
- ASEAN Secretary-General: Health and Education Key to a Strong ASEAN Community 2015, 18 July 2012
- Health Ministers Discuss Opportunities and Challenges of ASEAN Community 2015, Phuket, 6 July 2012
ASEAN Health Networks
ASEAN Health Partners
- Joint UN Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS)
- UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
- World Health Organisation (WHO)