I.          OBJECTIVES


The objectives of this initiative are to :

-          Strengthen regional integration on through liberalisation and facilitation measures in the area of trade in goods, services and investments; and

-          Promote private sector participation.


II.         MEASURES


This roadmap includes issues specific to the Agro-based products sector as well as horizontal issues cutting across all sectors which  are:


-          Measures for increasing intra-ASEAN Trade and Investment

§         Tariff Elimination

§         Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)

§         Custom Cooperation

§         Effective Implementation of  CEPT Scheme

§         Improvement of Rules of Origin

§         Standards and Conformance

§         Future investment

§         Improvement of Logistics Services




The scope of products identified mainly covers Agro-based products asAttachment 1.





Tariff Elimination

1. Eliminate CEPT-AFTA tariffs on all identified products

Coordinating Committee on the Implementation of the CEPT Scheme for AFTA (CCCA)




CLMV:  2012


Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)  

 2. Establish the Database of ASEAN NTMs to ensure transparency[1] CCCA and Senior Officials Meeting – ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry (SOM AMAF) 30 June 2004
 3. Establish clear criteria to identify measures that are classified as barriers to trade 30 June 2005
 4. Establish a clear and definitive work programme for the removal of the barriers. 31 December 2005
 5. Adopt the WTO Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures and develop implementation guidelines appropriate for ASEAN. 31 December 2004

Rules of Origin

 6. Improve the CEPT Rules of Origin by:


making it more transparent, predictable and standardised taking into account the best practices of other Regional Trade Agreements including the rules of origin of the WTO; and


adopting substantial transformation as alternative criteria for conferring origin status.

Task Force on CEPT Rules of Origin (ROO-TF) 31 December 2004
 IV  Customs Procedures  
 7. Extend the application of the ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature (AHTN) for extra-ASEAN trade. Expert Committee on Customs Matters (ECCM)  on-going
 8. Extend the application of the ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature (AHTN) for extra-ASEAN trade.  31 December 2005
 9. Ensure full implementation of the Green Lane System for CEPT Products, or similar systems, at entry points of all Member States.  31 December 2004
 10. Develop implementation guidelines, as appropriate, for Member States which are not members of the WTO to fulfill the obligations of the WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation  31 December 2004
 11. Adopt service commitment (client charter) by ASEAN customs authorities.  31 December 2004

Develop the Single Window approach, including the electronic processing of trade documents at national and regional levels


Inter-Agency Task Force on Single Window  31 December 2005
 V.  Standards and Conformance
  13. Accelerate the implementation/ development of sectoral Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs), as appropriate ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ)ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ)  beginning 1 January 2005
14.  Encourage domestic regulators to recognise test reports issued by testing laboratories which are already accredited by National Accreditation Bodies in ASEAN that are signatories to ILAC and APLAC MRA  on-going
15.  Set clear targets and schedules for harmonisation of standards, wherever required; where international standards are not available, and when requested by industry, align national standards among Member States.  31 December 2005
16.  Harmonise and/or develop, wherever appropriate, technical regulations for national application.  31 December 2010
17.  Ensure compliance with the requirements, rights and obligations of WTO Agreements on Technical Barriers to Trade and the Application of Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary Measures  on-going
18.  Explore development of ASEAN policy on standards and conformance to further facilitate the realisation of the ASEAN Economic Community.  beginning 2005
 VI  Logistics Services
19.  Expedite the development of integrated transport logistics services within ASEAN through:

  -   Promotion of efficient door-to-door cargo transport and cross-border transport facilitation through the expeditious implementation of the ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Goods in Transit, and the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Multimodal Transport;

-   Improvement of land transport network infrastructures and services to achieve better inter-connectivity, inter-operability and inter-modality with the national, regional and international maritime and air transport gateways;


-  Strengthening intra-ASEAN maritime and shipping transport services; and


-   Establishment of enabling and conducive policy environment for increased private sector involvement and/or public-private partnerships in thedevelopment of transport infrastructure and the provision and operation of transport logistics facilities and services.


Senior Transport Officials Meeting (STOM)  beginning 2005
VII  Outsourcing and Industrial Complementation

 Identify and develop specialisation of production processes, research and development (R&D), and testing facilities based on comparative advantages of individual Member States


 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC), with inputs from the private sector  on-going
21.  Develop guidelines to promote outsourcing arrangements among Member States, as applicable.
VIII ASEAN Integration System of Preferences
22.  Endeavour to expand the coverage of the ASEAN Integration System of Preferences (AISP) Scheme by including products in the priority integration sectors  CCCA  on-going
IX Investments
23. Accelerate the opening up of sectors currently in the Sensitive List (SL) by transferring these sectors into the Temporary Exclusion List (TEL) under the Framework Agreement on the ASEAN Investment Area, using the ASEAN-X formula.  Coordinating Committee on Investment (CCI)  beginning 2004
24. Reduce restrictive investment measures in the SL  beginning 2004
25. Complete the progressive elimination of restrictive investment measures in the TEL  on-going[2]
26. Identify programmes and activities to promote investments in ASEAN  31 December 2005
27. Promote manufacturing processes across different ASEAN countries to take advantage of their comparative strengths through:

   -  the establishment of a network of ASEAN free trade zones to facilitate outsourcing activities

    undertaking more efficient joint ASEAN facilitation and promotion measures to promote FDI



beginning 2005



28.  Promote and facilitate joint/cross border investments in manufacturing activities through:

   -    special incentives, where appropriate, to be given by CLMV for investments from ASEAN

   -    special measures, where appropriate to be given by ASEAN 6 to promote and facilitate relocation of investment to CLMV countries especially for labour intensive manufacturing activities

 X Trade and Investment Promotion
29.  Intensify intra- and extra ASEAN joint promotion efforts regularly


ASEAN Business Advisory Council (ASEAN-BAC);



beginning 2005

30.  Organise regular private sector initiatives to undertake:

   -    more efficient joint ASEAN facilitation and promotion measures to promote FDI ASEAN selling-buying missions; and

  -    promotional activities to assist CLMV countries

31.  Undertake more effective joint ASEAN facilitation in promotion measures and develop new sources of inward foreign direct investments, particularly from potential countries such as the People’s Republic of China, India and the Republic of Korea on-going
XI Intra-ASEAN Trade and Investment Statistics
32.  Establish an effective system to monitor intra-ASEAN trade and investment through:

   -   provision of updates to the ASEAN Secretariat of the latest trade (goods and services) and investment statistics

  -     preparation of consolidated industry profile, by the respective associations, which among other matters, cover information such as production capacity and product range

Working Group on Statistics; Working Group on Foreign Direct Investment Statistics; and CCCA  on-going
 XII Intellectual Property Rights
33. Expand the scope of ASEAN intellectual property rights cooperation beyond trademarks and patents by including cooperation in copyrights information exchange and enforcement  ASEAN Working Group on Intellectual Property Cooperation (AWGIPC)  31 December 2004
XIII Movement of Business Persons, Skilled Labour, Talents and Professionals
34.  Develop an ASEAN Agreement to facilitate the movement of business persons, including the adoption of an ASEAN Travel Card, taking into account Member States’ domestic laws and regulations.  Directors-General of Immigration Departments and Heads of Consular Affairs Division of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs (DGICM)  31 December 2005
35.  Develop an ASEAN Agreement to facilitate the movement of experts, professionals, skilled labor and talents, taking into account Member States’ domestic laws and regulations  Coordinating Committee on Services (CCS)  31 December 2005
36.  Accelerate completion of MRAs to facilitate free movement of experts, professionals, skilled labor and talents in ASEAN, taking into account Member States’ domestic laws and regulations  31 December 2008
XIV Facilitation of Travel in ASEAN
37.  Harmonise procedures for the issuance of visas to international travelers  DGICM  31 December 2004
38.  Provide visa exemption for intra-ASEAN travel by ASEAN nationals  2005
XV Human Resource Development

Develop and upgrade skills and capacity building through joint trainings and workshops.


 Senior Labour Officials Meeting (SLOM)  on-going
XVI  Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) and Technical Barrier to Trade (TBT) Measures
General requirements for food hygiene and safety in ASEAN
40.  Formulate ASEAN Requirements to Good Hygiene and for National Application  ASEAN Expert Group on Food Safety (AEGFS)  2005
41.  Formulate ASEAN requirements to good hygiene and safety practice in selected sectors that to be abserved at the time of preparation, processing, manufacturing, packaging, storing, transportation, distribution, handling and offering for sale or supply to the final consumer
 Harmonisation of national standards with relevant international standards (CODEX, OIE and IPPC)  
42  Harmonise national standards with international standards in the food sector, especially from HS Chapter 15-23 to support the realisation of MRA for prepared foodstuff in ASEAN  ASEAN Task Force on Codex (ATFC)  2008

Develop a mechanism to encourage the establishment of the regional risk assessment by scientific bodies in ASEAN


 ASEAN Expert Group on Food Safety (AEGFS)  2006
44.  Identify international standards Codex and IPPC with focus on those standards with significant trade value and those with potential for trade in the future for harmonisation in ASEAN  SOM AMAF  on-going
Promote and strengthen the compliance of agro-based industry to the regional and international requirements
45.  ?Promotion of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and Good Hygiene Practice (GHP) for processed food industry. Priority should be given to the SME by implementing pilot programme.

Joint efforts between SOM AMAF, AEGFS and ACCSQ Prepared Foodstuff Product Working Group (PFPWG)


Strengthening Testing Facilities in ASEAN and Recognition of Testing Result by regulators
46.  Establishment of ASEAN Reference Testing Laboratories in the area of microbiology, mycotoxin, pesticide residues; Veterinary Drug Residues; Heavy Metals and Trace Elements; Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)  ACCSQ; SOM AMAF; and AEGFS  beginning 2005
47.  Recognition by ASEAN Domestic Regulators for test reports issues by ASEAN Reference Testing Laboratories and those already accredited by national accreditation bodies who are signatories to ILAC, APLAC MRA.
Harmonisation of sector specific technical regulatory regime in ASEAN
48.  ?Identify and prioritise SPS and TBT Measures for harmonisation in ASEAN  SOM AMAF and ACCSQ PFPWG  2005-2006
49.  Harmonise identified SPS and TBTs measures including harmonisation of procedures of registration, pre-marketing and post-marketing surveillance among member countries


Activities can be identified according to the scope of each body

50.  Development and Implementation of MRAs in some priority (selected) products.  MRA for prepared foodstuff will be initially explored.  SOM AMAF and ACCSQ  beginning 1 January 2005
51. Develop ASEAN Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) Standards  SOM AMAF ASEAN Sectoral Working Group on Crops and Expert Working Group on Phyto-Sanitary  2006-2009
XVII Research and Development (R&D) and Human Resource Development (HRD)
52.  Exchange of commercial planting varieties for the potential agri-products among ASEAN countries  SOM AMAF  on-going
53.  Initiate collaborative research programs for mutually agreed agri-products among ASEAN countries
54.  Exchange of experts in mutually agreed fields.
55.  Encourage exchange of research information in areas of mutual interest
56.  Explore potential areas of cooperation in mutually agreed products
XVII Information
57. Encourage establishment of an ASEAN Early Warning System on Hazards and Outbreaks SOM AMAF  on-going



[1] The database on ASEAN NTMs has been completed and posted in the ASEAN Website. 

[2] Timelines as per AIA Agreement (ASEAN-6 = 2010; Vietnam = 2013; Cambodia,Laos and Myanmar = 2015)