The elimination of violence against children (VAC) is a challenge in all countries and in every society, race, class and culture. It is a violation of human rights, upheld in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) which prescribes that every child has the right to survive, grow and be protected from all forms of violence. All children have the right to be respected for their human dignity, physical and psychological integrity and to equal protection. The Convention specifies that it is the obligation of the State parties to address and eliminate the widespread prevalence and incidence of violence against children. In the UN Secretary- General’s Study, “World Report on Violence against Children”, published in 2006, Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro outlined what has to be done to confront the major challenge of VAC. It acknowledges the primary responsibility of State parties to prevent and respond to violence against children, to uphold the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and other treaties. As a follow up to the recommendations of the 2006 UN study on VAC, the UN General Assembly entrusted t o the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children, Ms. Marta Santos Pais (appointed in 2009), the mandate of promoting global advocacy to accelerate progress in children’s protection from violence worldwide, and monitoring progress achieved across regions. The Special Representative has called for preventive and responsive mechanisms to address violence against children worldwide which includes the development of regional initiatives to prevent and respond to violence against children as framework for national plans and strategies.

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