The Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) are a shared concern among ASEAN Member States (AMS), where children, especially in remote rural areas and hard to reach sectors, continue to perform hazardous work that may harm their health, safety and morals and where children fall victim to unconditional WFCL, such as human trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation, including online exploitation.

Available evidence indicates that child labour is primarily associated with hard to reach areas, notably remote rural areas, and with informal economy sector activities. Evidence from national surveys in seven AMS indicates that the highest incidence of child labour is found in the agriculture sector (including forestry and fishery), followed by services and industry sectors.