We, the Participating Countries to the Second International Congress of the ASEAN and China Cooperative Operation in Response to Dangerous Drugs (ACCORD) held in Beijing on 18 – 20 October 2005:

Affirming the achievements made by all parties through positive drug control cooperation under the framework of the “Bangkok Political Declaration” and taking note of the achievements made under the “ACCORD Plan of Action” as endorsed at the International Congress “In Pursuit of a Drug-Free ASEAN 2015: Sharing the Vision, Leading the Change” held in Bangkok on 11-13 October 2000 by ACCORD countries and by the technical assistance provided in support of the Plan while noting the need to update the Plan to fully reflect the most pressing drug control needs in the region;

Noting with satisfaction that, with the unremitting efforts of the nations in this region, supported and assisted by the international community, the implementation of alternative development programmes have led to a notable decrease of illicit opium poppy cultivation in the “Golden Triangle” area and a considerable reduction of trafficking of opium and its derivates from and within the region and a slow down in the spread of traditional drugs, while expressing concern about the need for sustainable alternative development;

Noting with deep concern that the illicit manufacture, traffic, distribution and abuse of ATS is spreading rapidly, especially among the youth and the fact that the majority of global ATS seizures occurs in the region, including 80 percent of global methamphetamine seizures, which poses a serious threat to the social fabric of society, and the nations in this region;

Concerned about the close connection between drug related crimes, money laundering and transnational organized crime as manifested throughout the region;

Underlining the importance of special legislation and regulations on precursor chemical control, as have already been enacted in a number of countries in the region, which put strict control on the manufacture, purchase, transportation and use of precursor chemicals while at the same time ensuring their licit uses under the supervision of the relevant authorities such as the police, drug control administrations, industry, public health and environment protection agencies;

Acknowledging that the ACCORD countries, making full use of their potential,  advantages and practical research, have gained first hand experience of preventive education and systems of treatment and rehabilitation reflecting the characteristics of this region, and have tried some effective intervention measures to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases; and

Reiterating that in order to jointly solve the drug problems in this region, ASEAN and China need to constantly adhere to the principles of mutual respect and trust, equality and sincerity in cooperation, take action on the basis of broad participation and shared responsibilities and to consistently implement comprehensive and balanced international drug control strategies while focusing on the most pressing drug control needs;

Solemnly declare to:

1. Reconfirm the significance of the ACCORD mechanism as a unique regional drug control framework encompassing both ASEAN and China, and call for continued coordination in meeting its comprehensive drug control goals and targets through timely communication, dialogue and exchange of ideas and  enhanced bilateral and multilateral cooperation, including high-level visits and cooperation with other multilateral drug control mechanisms;

2. Endorse the revised “ACCORD Plan of Action” and its four pillars, namely, to promote civic awareness and social response by advocating on the dangers of drugs; to build consensus and share best practices on demand reduction; to strengthen the rule of law by improving law enforcement cooperation and legislative review; and to eliminate the production of illicit narcotic crops by boosting sustainable alternative development programmes;

3. Prioritise efforts to combat ATS-related crimes as a key national drug control strategy by acquiring adequate information, including on trends of illicit manufacture, traffic and abuse of drugs in each country, actively collecting and exchanging relevant intelligence and information regarding the subject, and taking coordinated law enforcement measures to address the rampant illicit ATS manufacture, traffic and abuse in this region, working toward the containment of the spread of ATS-related crimes and the prevention of further deterioration of the ATS situation in this region;

4. Endorse the Regional Joint Action Against ATS-related Crimes Initiative to be implemented fully in line with the updated Plan of Action;

5. Continue to strengthen alternative development through the provision of adequate financial and technical support for sustainable alternative development activities in the traditional illicit opium poppy cultivation areas, the implementation of favourable market access policies for alternative products, and the expansion and initiation of alternative development programmes, including pilot projects, in different opium poppy cultivating areas;

6. Call for assessing the possibility of expanding alternative development programmes to other illicit drug crops, including cannabis;

7. Promote the development of laws and regulations on the manufacture, purchase, transportation and use of precursor chemicals and to exercise strict supervision in these areas, to enforce an effective administration of precursor chemicals, to prevent their diversion to illicit drug manufacturing channels and to take an active part in the global joint operations launched by International Narcotics Control Board (INCB);

8. Intensify cooperative research, to stipulate pertinent measures on preventive education and rehabilitation, and to consider adopting evidence-based effective intervention measures such as drug maintenance methods, while recognizing the cultural realities and social values unique to this region, in order to reduce the number of new drug addicts, enhance the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation and prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases;

9. Reiterate the commitment of ASEAN and China for internal resource mobilisation to support the ACCORD Account, especially funds intended to support prioritised programmes and activities; and

10. Urge the international community to take practical and effective actions through financial and technical support for the solution of the drug problems in this region to ensure timely realisation of the goal of “a Drug-Free ASEAN and China in 2015”.