1. Connectivity in ASEAN encompasses the physical (e.g., transport, ICT, and energy), institutional (e.g., trade, investment, and services liberalisation), and people-to-people linkages (e.g., education, culture, and tourism) that are the foundational supportive means to achieving the economic, political-security, and socio-cultural pillars of an integrated ASEAN Community.
2. Since the adoption of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2010 (MPAC 20101), notable progress has been made. As of May 2016, 39 initiatives in MPAC 2010 have been completed. 18 of these completed initiatives relate to physical connectivity; 15 to institutional connectivity; and 6 to people-to people connectivity. However, much remains to be done to realise the vision of a seamlessly connected ASEAN. Particular areas to be addressed include the various services sectors, which are lagging goods sectors in terms of connectivity as a result of tighter investment restrictions, as well as challenges relating to the mobility of skilled labour, and energy and rail connectivity. The
remaining 52 uncompleted initiatives in MPAC 2010, which have a clear sector owner and do not overlap with the newly proposed initiatives, will be included in the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025 (MPAC 2025).
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