The ASEAN region has experienced episodes of transboundary haze pollution arising from land and forest fires over the past two decades. Given the significant social, economic and environmental impacts of transboundary haze pollution. Haze-related impacts may not directly cause severe damages as those caused by the flames but the impacts can bring widespread direct and indirect damages covering several dimensions including ecological, health, economic and social. Significant damages are briefly presented below.

Ecological damages: Haze-related impacts contribute to the production of ozone, acid rain, and greenhouse gases.

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