1 Most of ASEAN’s growth has been, and will continue to be, driven by urban centres, with 90 million more people expected to urbanise by 2030 and “middleweight” cities of between 200,000 and 2 million residents forecast to drive 40% of the region’s growth. This rapid urbanisation is not without its challenges, as it has implications for important issues such as city congestion, water/air quality, poverty, rising inequalities, the urban-rural divide, as well as people’s security and safety. Technological and digital solutions as well as innovative non-technological means can be utilised to resolve these issues and to enhance the quality and accessibility of services, thereby improving our people’s lives across the urban- rural continuum, creating new opportunities for them and ensuring that no one is left behind.

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