The ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Disaster Management (AMMDM) was held for the first time in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 7 December 2004. Among the key decisions of the 1st AMMDM was the mandate given to the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) to start the negotiation of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER). The 1st AMMDM also agreed that the ASEAN Day for Disaster Management (ADDM) should be convened annually, jointly with the International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR).
The 2nd Meeting of the COP to AADMER held on 30 May 2013 welcomed the convening of the AMMDM to enable the ASEAN Ministers in charge of Disaster Management to have a political leverage to have dialogues with other ASEAN ministerial bodies under the ASEAN Charter in promoting synergy and coordination using AADMER as the common platform.
Objectives of the AMMDM:
- Promote synergy of efforts with other ASEAN ministerial bodies to accelerate well-coordinated, more robust and faster ASEAN’s collective response to disasters, and to realise the building of disaster resilient and safer communities to reduce disaster losses in the region, using AADMER as the regional policy backbone and common platform to maintain ASEAN’s Centrality;
- Promote engagement with ASEAN-related mechanisms, in particular the East Asia Summit (EAS) Foreign Ministers Meeting, the ASEAN Defence Ministerial Meeting (ADMM) Plus, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and the APEC Senior Disaster Management Officials Forum, while maintaining ASEAN’s Centrality;
- Promote cooperation in disaster management with ASEAN Dialogue Partners, international organisations and other partners and stakeholders, and promote ASEAN’s leadership and shared vision in the area of disaster management in relevant multilateral fora.
Mandate and Functions of the AMMDM:
- Ensure effective implementation of relevant directives, agreements and decisions deriving from the ASEAN Summits, the relevant strategic objectives of the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprint and other relevant action lines pertinent to advancement of disaster management cooperation in ASEAN;
- Recommend and adopt policies, measures and strategies for regional cooperation in disaster management;
- Provide guidance to the ACDM to formulate work programmes, strategies and priorities to strengthen regional cooperation in disaster management, and monitor and review its implementation;
- Work with other ASEAN sectoral ministerial bodies and ASEAN-related mechanisms to ensure coordination and synergy of efforts in areas related to disaster management;
- Promote collaboration with external parties, including ASEAN Dialogue Partners, international organisations and other relevant partners and stakeholders, to advance regional cooperation in disaster management
- Adopt ASEAN’s common positions on disaster management issues in preparation for international meetings and conferences, and promote ASEAN’s leadership and shared vision in in relevant multilateral fora.
The ASEAN Leaders through the “ASEAN Declaration on Enhancing Cooperation in Disaster Management” issued at the 23rd ASEAN Summit in October 2013 “welcomed the convening of the AMMDM as the ASEAN ministerial body in charge of promoting ASEAN cooperation in disaster management.”
Through the Declaration, the Leaders also encouraged “further dialogues among relevant ASEAN ministerial bodies to accelerate well-coordinated and concerted efforts to realise the building of disaster resilient and safer communities, reduce disaster losses and jointly respond to disaster emergencies by using AADMER as the common platform and maintaining ASEAN’s Centrality”.