1. ASEAN Member States (AMS) acknowledge that the digital and technological transformation and Fourth Industrial Revolution (or Industry 4.0) bring implications to the economies, industries and employment in many countries around the world. Job creation or transformation, innovations, evolving job categories/descriptions, intensified productivity, skills gap, adaptability of human resources and education to the changing labour market demands, life-long learning culture through up-skilling and re-skilling, and new forms of employment relations are some of the emerging issues that need to be addressed.

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