Senior Officer, Industrial Services Unit
ASEAN Secretariat
Jakarta, Indonesia
(June 2002)

to Appear in Southeast Asian Studies Journal ASEAN Secretariat
Center for Southeast Asia Studies Xiamen University China

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*  An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Regional Seminar on “Advantages and Challenges of the Asean-China Free Trade Area”, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 20-21 June 2002. The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the ASEAN Secretariat.  Mention of any firm or license process does not imply endorsement from the ASEAN Secretariat.  I am thankful to Mr. Noordin Azhari, Director, Bureau of Economic Co-operation, ASEAN Secretariat; for his encouragement in research, and to Dr. N. V. Lam, Adviser, Foundation for International Human Resource Development, Bangkok, for extensive discussions and many useful comments.  The usual disclaimer applies.  The author can be contacted through